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Special Education Terminology & Disability Etiquettes
No matter what disability someone has, we need to be polite and sensitive to that person and we should use an appropriate term. Our choice of words has an impact on the way people with special needs feel and is perceived in society. Disrespectful words can be a barrier to full participation in socie
Proximal Humeral Fractures In Elderly
Proximal humeral fractures are extremely common injuries and are one of the true osteoporotic fractures. Most fractures can be effectively treated nonoperatively, as the rich vascularity and broad cancellous surfaces impart a high propensity for healing. Additionally, many fracture patterns result i
In the whole spectrum of birth heart defects, the blue babies have a special place. The parents and primary care doctors are both afraid and disappointed with this diagnosis. Most of the fear is, however, based on lack of accurate information about this subset of patients. For understanding blue ba
Stroke In Children
A stroke is usually thought of as a condition that only affects adults. In fact, children can have them too.While they are quite rare in childhood, some youngsters are more at risk than others. Around half of those who suffer a stroke will have an underlying medical condition. But the other half wil
What is Schizophrenia??
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder, affecting about 23 million people worldwide. An illness characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotions, language, sense of self and behaviour. Common psychotic experiences include hallucinations (hearing, seeing or feeling things that are no
Fragility Fractures
A Fragility Fracture is any fall from a standing height or less, that results in a fracture. Our bodies should be able to sustain a fall from this height without a fracture unless there is an underlying cause that makes the bones fragile. OSTEOPOROSIS IS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE FOR SUCH FRACTURES. Ost
Your Child's First Vaccine
Vaccines help protect your toddler from serious diseases. Getting childhood vaccines means your child can develop immunity (protection) against diseases before they come into contact with themYoung children are at increased risk for infectious diseases because their immune systems have not yet built
Pregnancy and Thyroid Disease
Untreated thyroid conditions can cause problems during pregnancy, but most women who are properly treated go on to have healthy pregnancies and babies. The thyroid is a gland located in your neck that produces a hormone responsible for regulating your metabolism and controlling many of your body's o
Super Foods For Glowing Skin
There are so many skin care products in the market that claim itself for a healthy skin. But the best way to have a healthy skin depends on what we actually eat in our daily routine.For a healthy skin, eat a healthy diet that contains antioxidants, vitamin A, vitamin C & E, selenium, omega 3 and
Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Snoring is noisy breathing during sleep caused by vibrating tissue in the upper airway. It mainly occurs in male, obese, person who smokes, drinks alcohol, frequent nasal congestion.It may be harmless or it may be a sign of a serious medical disorder known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea.What is Obstruct
Surgical Site Infection Prevention
Surgical site infections are caused by bacteria that get in through incisions made during surgery. They threaten the lives of millions of patients each year and contribute to the spread of antibiotic resistance.Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are frequent on surgical wards and represent a hi
Standards of care and behavior you can expect from us.
When you are in the hospital this is what you can expect: · To have a clear explanation of your condition and the treatment options available to you. · To be asked for your written fully informed consent to any operation or procedure. · To be sure that the information in your reco
Swachhta Abhiyaan Guidelines for Public Health Facilities- Cleanliness in laundry services
As a rule, only following items may be cleaned in the Hospital laundryi) Hospital patients linenii) Hospital curtainsiii) Hospital Kitchen lineniv) Hospital staff uniformsv) Other authorized items like blankets, mattresses, and pillows Staff personal clothing is not cleaned in the hospital laundry.
Retinopathy Of Prematurity (ROP)
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disease that occurs in premature babies. It causes abnormal blood vessels to grow in the retina, the layer of nerve tissue in the eye that enables us to see. This growth can cause the retina to detach from the back of the eye, leading to blindness. Causes and R
Treating Hoarseness: Keeping your voice healthy.
Hoarseness is an abnormal change in the voice caused by the variety of condition. The voice may change in pitch & volume ranging from a deep, harsh voice to weak, raspy voice. Hoarseness is generally caused by irritation of or injury to the vocal cords.Common causes of hoarseness of voice:1. Ben
Viral Exanthem: Symptoms, Causes & Treatments
Viral Exanthem, also known as the non-specific viral rash is a rash caused by a viral infection. Many viruses can cause a similar appearing rash, so it is difficult to tell which one is the culprit. Your age, duration of illness and other symptoms may suggest which virus is the cause. Respiratory an
फूड एलर्जी के विकल्प
फूड एलर्जी की समस्या बच्चे और बड़े किसी को भी हो सकती है। इसके लक्षण आमतौर पर बचपन में ही दिख जाते है। अंडा, गेहूं, दूध व सोया ऐसी चीजें हैं जो सेहतमंद रहने के लिए जरूरी होती है। लेकिन ज्यादातर मामलों मे इन्ही चीजों से परेषानी होना सामने आती है। बच्चे को यदि 5 साल की उम्र से इनसे एलर्जी हो तो उसे सेह
बच्चों की मानसिक समस्याएं
बच्चों के सम्पूर्ण विकास में बाल्यवस्था और किशोरवस्था की महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका होती है| ये अवस्था ऐसी होती है जिसमें के सभी महत्वपूर्ण विकास जैसे अपने बातों की अभिव्यक्ति करना, सोचने, समझने की क्षमता इत्यादि का सम्पूर्ण विकास होता है मानसिक समस्याएं जो अधिकतर बच्चों में देखी जा सकती है :- · Menta
Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD)
What is autism?Autism (sometimes called classical autism) is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASD).Autism is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. Autism occurs when a child has trouble communicati
World Prematurity Day: Spread Awareness To End Preterm Births
What is a preterm birth?A preterm birth is when a baby is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. A preterm birth can be completely unexpected, and these babies are much more likely to become sick. In fact, the earlier a baby is born, the more likely it is that he or she will have health problems.Risk fa
Management of fibroid during pregnancy at SDMH
A fibroid tumour is a mass of compacted muscle and fibrous tissue. Incidence of fibroid in pregnancy is 40% to 60% by the age of 35 years and 70% to 80% by age of 50 years. 22% to 32% fibroid increase in volume in first trimester, especially the first 10 weeks of gestation due to pregnancy
Skin lesions in Colloid Milium
Colloid Milium is small dome-shaped whitish or yellowish translucent papules usually formed at the base of the hair follicle or sweat glands. Clinically they are of 2 types- adult and juvenile.It is a small white bump like eruption on the nose and cheeks, common among newborns and infants but fairly
Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)- The Burden of Old Age
• Age-Related Macular Degeneration, also known as AMD is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in people over the age of 50.• An estimated 1-1.5 million people in India suffer from AMD.• Causes loss of central vision which is important for fine tasks like reading.• Comm
GLAUCOMA- A silent killer of vision
Glaucoma is a disease that damages one's optic nerve, explains our senior eye surgeon, Dr. Nalini Sen. The optic nerve is a bundle of more than 1 million nerve fibers that connects the retina to the brain. A healthy optic nerve is quintessential to goodvision. There is a pressure build-up in the
Male Breast Reduction Surgery: Gynecomastia (Male Breast Enlargement)
A male breast reduction is the most effective known treatment for Gynecomastia or enlarged male breasts. This cosmetic surgery procedure removes excess fat and glandular tissue to restore a flatter, firmer and more masculine contour to the chest. Due to genetics, use of certain medications, or othe
Blue Whale Game- The Killer Theory
The highly notorious game “The Blue Whale”, made its debut in Russia almost 4 years back and has believed to have killed more than 100 teens worldwide. The game is spreading in India with five reported cases till date. To avoid its exposure in India, the ability of critical thinking need
How lifestyle modification can help in treatment of Depression ?
1. Sleep and DepressionGood quality of sleep is required for Psychological health.Insomnia is a symptom of depression, regular practice of good sleep hygiene prevents use of sleeping pills.Disturbed sleep is associated with majority of mood disorders. For good sleep, avoid day time nap,regular morni
Risk Factors For Breast Cancer: Breast Cancer Awareness Month
Do you know that Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Indian women? Breast cancer is totally curable if detected and treated at an early stage. Here are certain conditions which increase your likelihood of getting Breast cancer. Modifiable (Lifestyle related) · 1.Not having children
Exercises help in controlling diabetes and maintaining a healthy lifestyle
There are many benefits of regular exercises. It helps in many heart-related problems and helps in maintaining healthy weight, reduces body fat and helps in maintaining sugar levels in the blood, which increases the body sensitivity towards insulin. Thus, the American Diabetes Association recommends
Tobacco- A threat to development. Quit Today!!!
On 31st May 2017, World No Tobacco Day, We at SDMH supports all the measures to have tobacco free environment. This year, on this day WHO is highlighting how tobacco threatens the development of the nation worldwide and is calling all government to implement strong tobacco control measures.Tobacco t
Save Little Hearts & Make Every Heart, A Precious Heart !
Few things to be taken care of at the time of pregnancy for your baby's little healthy heart:● The most common malformation in a newborn is congenital heart defect. ● 1 in every 100 babies is born with heart defect and 1/3 of these need some kind of intervention within first year of lif
Tips to stay healthy during Monsoon
Monsoon is the season that brings happiness to our life as it makes the environment cool after the hot and scorching sun rays during the summer. But, even after having the cool splash of monsoon rain, it is an important time period to take a special care of your health. While certain types of food a
Protect oneself from Hepatitis-prevention everyone should know!
World Hepatitis Day (this year, 28 July 2017) is marked to increase the awareness and understanding of viral hepatitis and the diseases that it causes. It also marks the birth day of the founder of Hepatitis B virus, Dr. Baruch Blumberg. Hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D and E can cause acute and chronic
2Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition that develops when the reflux of stomach contents into the food pipe causes troublesome symptoms or complications sufficient to impair an individual’s quality of lifeThis back flow of gastric contents (acid) occurs into the food pipe, mout
Healthy eating habits for your children
By teaching your children these healthy eating habits and modeling their behavior can help your children maintain healthy weight and help them to maintain a healthy life style.Be a role model of your child.Tip for happy mealtime - Parents should eat what they want their child to eat.Parents to decid
PDA (Patent Ductus Arteriosus)
PDA is a common congenital heart defect. On an average PDA occurs in 8 out of 1000 premature babies whereas 2 out of every 1000 full term babies. Associated maternal diseases like Diabetes, Rubella Infection during pregnancy also increase the chance of PDA in a new born. What is PDA? PDA (Patent D
Alopecia Areata (Baldness in circles)
Alopecia means hair loss and if it often arises suddenly as round patched punched out the area of baldness on the scalp, beard moustaches or other hairy areas of the body then it is known as Alopecia Areata. Often it has a genetic component linked with vitiligo. It can spread to entire scalp known a
Nanotechnology in Urology
Urologists have long been at the forefront of innovations in minimally invasive surgeries and as with endoscopic and laparoscopic surgical systems, we are likely to see some of the exciting technological developments that nanotechnology offers. Nanotechnology is the study and design of components w
मिर्गी (Epilepsy) : कारण, लक्षण और उपचार - National Epilepsy Awareness Day
हमारे मस्तिष्क की कोशिकाओं में सामान्य क्रिया के लिये विद्युत तरंगों का संचार होता है, जिससे हमारे शरीर के विभिन्न कार्य होते हैं। ऐसी तरगों के अत्यधिक मात्रा में बनने से शरीर में होने वाली हरकत, संवेदनाओं अथवा चेतना में परिवर्तन को दौरा अथवा सीजर कहते हैं। दौरों के बार-बार आने की प्रवृत्ति को मिर्ग
Can that glass of Milk cause allergy to your toddler?
Cow’s milk protein intolerance (CMPI) is defined as an abnormal reaction by the body’s immune system to the protein found in cow’s milk. The immune system normally protects our bodies from harm caused by bacteria or viruses. In CMPI the immune system reacts unusually to the protein
Pediatric Cardiac Care Program
Pediatric/ Fetal Cardiology Services/ Program1. Pediatric cardiac diagnostic facilities:Pediatric/ Neonatal EchocardiographyEKG-Neonatal/ Pediatric, Holter monitoringPediatric Excercise testing (TMT)Cardiac Cath. for complex cardiac anatomy2. Pediatric/ Neonatal cath lab. Therapeutic interventions:B
Red Eye or Eye Flu or Acute Conjunctivitis is very common in the rainy season.Can be viral and bacterial ( mostly seasonal conjunctivitis are viral )One eye or both eyes involvement may be there.Common symptoms are eye redness, discharge ( purulent or watery ), lid swelling, pain and blurred vision.
Hand Hygiene –The first step to fight against infection
Practicing hand hygiene is a simple yet effective way to prevent infections. It is like a DIYmedicine for healthy living.This 7- step hand washing is a win for everyone, except the germs.
Toric lenses ( IOL’s ) are used during cataract surgery to correct the preexisting significant regular astigmatism. Those patients want to get rid of distant glasses after cataract surgery but corneal astigmatism is present more than 1.5 diopters, Toric IOL is the answer because corneal astigm
World Stroke Day (29 October 2017) : Act FAST Act NOW!
Any disease process that cut off the blood supply to the part of the brain is STROKE. Depending on which part of the brain is affected and how quickly the person is treated, the effects of stroke on survivors can be devastating to a person’s body, mobility and speech. Stroke or Brain attack i
Fighting Osteoarthritis
Introduction• Osteoarthritis, sometimes called degenerative joint disease or osteoarthritis, is the most common form of arthritis. Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage in your joints wears down over time. Osteoarthritis is also known as “wear-and-tear” arthritis. It is typically se
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Look out for symptoms like chest tightness or pain, shortness of breath, coughing at night
1 Look out for symptoms like chest tightness or pain, shortness of breath, coughing at night, prolonged expiration, trouble sleeping due to breathlessness, recurring cold and flu, wheezing and a whistling sound while exhaling. Simplest ways for its prevention are to keep away from asthma triggers
Anti-Ageing Secrets
1. YogaPractice yoga at least once a week. Daily is even better. The benefits include increased strength and flexibility, improved mood and sleep pattern, better metabolism and weight loss. 2. Green Tea Source of antioxidants, loaded with nutrients, green tea has been shown to help with fat loss
Do's and Don'ts for Dialysis patients
Do’s: 1. Regular hemodialysis twice a month or more as directed by the Nephrologists. 2. High protein, low potassium, and low salt diet are suggested for dialysis patients. 3. Maintain ideal body weight. Weight gain between 2 dialysis sessions should not be more than 1.5-2 kgs. 4. Contro
Geriatrics Clinic
A Geriatrician is a doctor who is specially trained to evaluate and manage the unique healthcare needs and treatment preferences of older people. Prescribing medications for a patient with multiple health problems is more complex. A drug that might be useful in treating one health problem can make a
Breast Cancer: If detected early; can be treated completely.
Breast cancer, if detected early, can be completely cured by treatment. Many methods are used for the treatment of Breast cancer and often your doctors will use a combination of available modalities based on the stage of your disease. Surgery – Surgery is often the first treatment that will
Monsoon may give happiness but at cost of health- Must know facts ! "Scrub Typhus"
Scrub typhus,also known as bush typhus is an infectious disease that is transmitted to humans from field mice and rats through the bite of mites that live on the animals.It is an infection caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi - a small intracellular bacterium related to the family of Rickettsiaceae.The
World Arthritis Day 2017: Know more about Rheumatoid Arthritis
रह्यूमेटॉइड आर्थराइटिस (गठिया बाय) रूमेटोइड आर्थराइटिस गठिया का विकराल रूप है जो विकलांगता पैदा कर सकता है। पहले लोगों की मान्यता थी कि ये लाइलाज है लेकिन अच्छी खबर यह है कि विज्ञान की उन्नति के साथ अब इसके लिए बहुत प्रभावी उपचार उपलब्ध है। निसंदेह रूमेटोइड आर्थराइटिस एक गंभीर बीमारी बनी हुई है तथ
10 tips on how to control High Blood Pressure
1. GIVE 30 MINUTES TO YOUR BODYEngage in aerobic physical activity for at least 30 minutes daily. Walking, jogging, cycling, swimming and dancing are the best exercises for lowering blood pressure (BP).2. WEIGH YOURSELF EVERY DAYMaintain normal body weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/ m2 for adults). Keep an
10 ways to stay on track with Diabetes
1. TAKE CARE OF YOUR DIETFollow a low-carbohydrate, high-fibre diet; have whole grains instead of refined grains (stripped of important vitamins, minerals). Try to avoid sugar.2. MOVE AS MUCH AS YOU CANPhysical activity is key to lifetime management of diabetes. It can bring down glucose in your blo
10 Tips To Keep Your Lungs Healthy
1. PUT IN A LITTLE EFFORTFor the most part, the body has a natural defence mechanism to protect your lungs from germs and dirt. Simple lifestyle changes and a healthy diet will take care of the rest.2. QUIT SMOKING, EVEN SECOND-HANDSmoking causes not just lung cancer but also chronic obstructive pul
10 Ways To Keep Your Teeth Healthy
1.TAKE A PEA-SIZED DOLLOPTake a pea-size amount of toothpaste on your brush. Make sure it contains fluoride; abrasive toothpaste damage teeth.Brush your teeth twice a day.2.DON’T BE HARSH ON YOUR TEETHChoose a soft-bristle brush over hard brushes. Forceful or faulty brushing techniques can lea
World Obesity Awareness Week: Take a pledge to get Healthy!!!
Worldwide, obesity trends are causing serious public health concern and in many countries threatening the viability of basic health care delivery. It is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and significantly increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. The last two decades have w
Squint: Eyes Misalignment
Squint (also known as strabismus) is a condition that arises because of an incorrect balance of the muscles that move the eyes, faulty nerve signals to the eye muscles and focusing faults (usually long sight). If these are out of balance, the eye may turn in (converge), turn out (diverge) or sometim
Diabetes In Children
Type 1 diabetes in children, previously called juvenile diabetes, occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin.Since insulin is not present, sugar cannot travel from the blood into the cells, and high blood sugar levels can result unless they are treated.Children with the condition require
Allergic Rhinitis & Nasal Polyposis
Allergic Rhinitis is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air.Signs & Symptoms:1. Running nose/stuffy nose2. Sneezing3. Red, itchy, watery eyes4. Swelling around eyesSymptoms onset is often within rhinitis following exposure and af
Headaches in children
A headache is a common problem in children. Studies of the prevalence of any type of a headache have shown that up to 50% of 7-year olds and up to 80% of 15-year olds have experienced at least one headache. Some reports have suggested that a headache is more common in boys prior to puberty but a def
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